21世纪技能的教学和评估

课程概况由于科技的发展及其对职场的影响,教育和工作正在不断变化。

现在,鉴于科技对生活、工作与休闲的影响,我们更新了工作方式、工具,生活方式,甚至是思考方式。

现代职场需要更多具备多任务处理能力、以信息和沟通为基础的员工,新人想提高工作效率就要具备相应的技能,而这些东西我们通常在学校是学不到的。

所以课上我们将了解这些复杂的技能,并选择其中的“协作式问题处理能力”具体研究。

所谓“协作式问题处理能力”即结合认知与社会要素,强调知识的构建与应用能力,而业界普遍认为年轻人和应届毕业生苦寻力保职位稳定的方法,而这正是他们所欠缺的能力之一。

甚至在一些国家,毕业生的失业率已经超过50%。

新技能,常被错称为“软技能”,多数情况下,学校或大学并不培养学生的这些能力,如何评估和教授这些技能也没有明确的说明。

在这个巨变的时代,如果教育和工作中充斥着这种不明确,那么通常导致的结果是,教育瘫痪,评估方法退化,而且无法进行有针对性的教学活动。

ThisMOOCisdesignedprincipallyforpracticingteacherswhoarewonderingexactlyhowtheycanincorporateteachingandassessmentof21stcenturyskillsintotheirclassrooms,labsorworkshops。

Itwillalsobeusefultotraineeteachers,schoolleaders,teachereducatorsandcurriculumandassessmentspecialists,providingthemwithanunderstandingofthechallengesassociatedwithteachingandassessmentof21stcenturyskills。

Thiscourseexplainsthesocialandcognitiveskillsthatareknownas21stcenturyskills。

Itreviewshowtheycanberepresentedinthecurriculum,intermsofdevelopmentalprogressions。

Italsoexploreshowteacherscanrecognisetheseskillsinstudents,howthelevelofskillofalearnercanbeassessed,andthenhowlearnerscanbesupportedtodeveloptheirskill。

Inthiscourseweworkthroughtwodetailedexamplesof21stcenturyskills。

Thefirstiscollaborativeproblemsolving,a21stcenturyskillwhichcombinesthecapacitiesofcollaboration,problemsolving,criticalthinkingandcommunication。

Thesecondskillisameta-cognitiveskillofknowinghowtolearninaMOOC。

Ineachexample,youwillexplorehowtounderstandthenatureofeachskillfromateachingperspective,howtoteachit,andhowtoassessit。

Thesetwoexamplesshowhowany21stcenturyskillcanbetackledintheclassroom。

Theapproachtoteachingandassessmentinthiscoursederivesfromtheapplicationofadevelopmental,evidence-based,clinicalapproachtoteachingpractice。

Thecourseprovidesamixoftheoryandpractice,ofthinkinganddoing,andopportunitiestoshareideas,experienceandresourceswithotherparticipants。

JoinEmeritusProfessorPatrickGriffinandtheteamfromtheAssessmentResearchCentre,UniversityofMelbourneinaMassiveOpenOnlineCourse(MOOC)ontheAssessmentandTeachingof21stCenturySkills,hostedonCoursera。

课程大纲周1

完成时间为2小时

Whydoweneed21stcenturyskills?

Whatarethey?

Duringourintroductionweek,weprovidetwoModules。

Module1offersanoverviewofthecourseandexplainshowassessmentinitisstructured。

OurapproachtoassessmentinthecourseintroducessomedevelopmentalcomponentsthatcomplementthesummativeapproachusedbyCourseraforgrading。

TheCourseProgressionprovidesthebasisoftheself-assessmentactivitiesprovidedthroughoutthecourse。

TheseenableyoutomonitoryourprogressasyoudevelopyourskillsinteachingandassessingC21skills。

InModule2weturntothefirsttopicsofthecourse,anddiscusstheworldintermsoftechnologicalchangeandtheneedfor21stcenturyskillsintoday’sworkforce。

Wetalkaboutwhatismeantby’21stcenturyskills’andhowtheseskillsareincreasinglyindemandasnewtechnologieschangethewaywework,learn,liveandfunctioninadigitalandknowledge-basedsociety。

Youwillhavetheopportunitytolearnaboutdifferent21stcenturyskillsframeworksthathavebeencreatedbyavarietyofinstitutions。

Wewanttoshowyouwhatwemeanbyadevelopmentalapproach,andhowthisapproachcanbeusedinassessmentandlearningandteaching。

Theselectureswillformthefoundationfortopicstocomeinlaterweeks,sopleasetakethetimetowatchthemandtofollowupwiththesuggestedreadings。

5个视频(总计50分钟),4个阅读材料,3个测验

周2

完成时间为4小时

HowtoteachandassessCollaborativeProblemSolving(CPS)asanexampleofaC21skill

InModule3weintroducecollaborativeproblemsolving(CPS),anexampleofacomplexandrelevant21stcenturyskill。

WewillexplainthenatureofCPS,describingindepththeunderlyingcompetenciesinvolvedinthisskill。

WewillexplainhowwecantakeadevelopmentalapproachtoteachingandlearninginCPSandhowskillsprogressionscanbedevelopedandusedforformativeassessmentandteachingpurposes。

Wedealwiththistopicatarelativelydeeplevel,inpreparationfortakingamorepracticalapproachinWeeks3and4。

6个视频(总计38分钟),1个阅读材料,2个测验

周3

完成时间为3小时

Assessingandreportingonthedevelopmentofcollaborativeproblemsolvingskills

Thisweek,inModule4,youwillbereviewingaspectsofassessingstudents’collaborativeproblemsolvingskillsusingadevelopmentalapproach。

YouwillreviewavideoofICTtasksthattheATC21Steamhavecreated,andyouwillbepromptedtothinkofwaystheseapproachesmaybeused,intheclassroomorinprofessionallearning,toteachandassessCPS。

WorkinWeek3ofthecoursecombineswithworkinWeeks2and4tosupportdevelopmentofthelearningoutcomesdescribedinStrand3ofthecourseprogression。

7个视频(总计94分钟),2个测验

周4

完成时间为2小时

Developmentalteachingofcollaborativeproblemsolving

InWeek4,Module5,wediscusshowindividualandgroupdifferencescanbemanagedinteachingCPS。

Weconductinterviewswithateacher,schoolleaderandresearcheronimplementingtheassessmentandteachingof21stcenturyskillsinschools。

Wealsodiscuss,ininterviewformat,thecomplexitiesofassessingsophisticatedCPSskillsusingseeminglyuncomplicatedtasks。

HowcanweassiststudentstodeveloptheirskillsfromtheircurrentlevelofsocialandcognitiveCPSskilllevels,toprogresstowardsgreaterexpertise?

Thisweek,too,youshouldbeginworkonyourmajorcourseassignment。

5个视频(总计53分钟),1个阅读材料,1个测验

周5

完成时间为4小时

KnowinghowtolearninaMOOC:anotherexampleofaC21skill

Thisweek,inModule6weexploreafurtherexampleofaC21skill,andonethathasparticularrelevancetoparticipantsinthiscourse:theskillofknowinghowtolearninaMOOC。

WereviewthenatureofMOOCsasateachingenvironment,andwhyaMOOCdemandsparticularlearningskilltogeneratehigherlearning。

Weexamineanempiricalprogressionfortheskill,andreviewhowtoassessthelevelofskillofanyparticipantinaMOOC。

Module7isfocusedonyourmajorassignment,whichisisduethisweek。

3个视频(总计15分钟),2个阅读材料,3个测验

周6

完成时间为1小时

Reflectionandlookingforward

Inthisfinalweek,inModule8,weaskyoutoreflectonyourlearninginthecourseandparticularlyontheuseofprogressionsanddevelopmentalthinkinginthewayC21skillsaretaughtandassessed。

IfyousubmittedanAssignmentinWeek5,youwillassesstheworkofyourpeersinthemajorAssignment。

预备知识虽然不需要相关技能或背景知识,但最好对学校教学感兴趣,关注教育的未来发展,愿意尝试新鲜事物。

参考资料Thecasefor21st-centurylearning,AndreasSchleicher,OECDEducationDirectorate,


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